Let’s start with the history of the wedding cake. The tradition of the wedding cake began in the Roman Empire however it was a loaf of bread, not actually a cake. The groom broke the loaf of bread over the bride’s head as a symbol of his dominance in the marriage and over her. Like with everything else in a wedding, the color of the cake is typically white to symbolize purity. The cutting of the cake is meant to symbolize the first joint task the newly married couple will accomplish together. Feeding each other the cake is a symbol of the commitment the bride and groom are making.
The sugar frosting used on wedding cakes was invented in 1888. The pillars, used to support tiers of layer cake, were invented in 1902. Although not often used anymore, wedding cake toppers are little figures used on the top of the cake as a representation of the bride and groom.